Having a gum infection is not pleasant. You may hate it, but you must book an appointment with your dentist to get it treated. Gum abscesses can form in a variety of ways, including bacteria getting in between the gum and teeth, periodontitis disease, and having a weak immune system. If you have pain while chewing, a bad taste in your mouth, or sensitivity to hot and cold foods, you might want to get a check-up with your dentist and find the best antibiotic for gum infection.
What Causes a Gum Infection?
Although gum infections can happen whenever bacteria is trapped between the gums and teeth, the most common cause is a disease called periodontitis. This disease is caused by accumulating plaque under the gums from poor oral hygiene. It affects the area just below the gumline in the sulcus, the V-shaped area between the teeth and gums.
Gum infection can also happen when a periodontal pocket is formed due to other gum diseases. A periodontal pocket is a space that is formed between the gums and teeth. This space can be accidentally filled with pieces of food that can lead to bacteria growth and eventually gum infection.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Infection?
Symptoms of gum infection include:
- Noticeable change in bite or position of teeth
- Chronic bad breath
- Receding gum line
- Development of loose teeth
- Swollen, tender, or bleeding gums
If you have any of these symptoms or a combination of these symptoms, please speak to your dentist.
The best antibiotic for gum infection and other treatment
Standard infections can be treated with oral or injected antibiotics. The most prominent antibiotic dentists use is amoxicillin. If given in pill form this medication is usually taken every 8-12 hours. As always, pay close attention to instructions given by your dentist.
More serious infections may be treated with a root canal, gingivectomy (involves removal of the gum tissue), and flap surgery (involves bone/tissue grafts.)
If you cannot get in to see a dentist right away you can reduce pain and swelling by taking an anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen, and swish salt water in your mouth.