Anesthesia is used for carrying out operations so that the patient does not experience pain during the medical procedure. Yet a few hours after the operation is over, the effect of the anesthesia will reduce, and the patient will experience pain. The pain will often make it difficult for the patient to sleep at night, adversely affecting the patients’ health and recovery from the surgery. Hence it is necessary to consider measures for postoperative pain control and medication after the surgery so that the patient can get rest and the surgical wounds heal quickly.
It should be noted that the immunity of the patient is also adversely affected by the surgery and the extent of the problem varies depending on the kind of surgery. For lengthier surgical procedure, the immunity and pain experienced by the patient will be more. The pain is usually expected for a period of three to five days after the surgery. One of the most common methods used by doctors to control the pain is by using opioids. These are sedatives which act on the central nervous system. They can be administered using different methods like orally, sublingually under the tongue, intravenously or intramuscularly.
Morphine, meperidine, fentanyl are some of the opioids which are used extensively. A caregiver may give the patient the opioids or the patient may control the pain management, taking the drugs as required. Many of the opioids which are orally administered are extremely effective in reducing the pain. Oxycodone is a tablet with a controlled release which will help to reduce the pain. There are non-steroidal and non-narcotic drugs also available which can help in alleviating the pain experienced by the patient to a very great extent since they are anti-inflammatory. The side effects of these non-narcotic drugs are less than opioids. Local anesthesia may also help in reducing pain.